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Year 3

S4 is currently running an intensive three-year program with over 500 young people from seven partner schools in South Wales. Each participant attends between three and six events every year on the Swansea University campus, taking part in hands-on, interactive science workshops in Bioscience, Chemistry and Physics.

In year three, S4 continues to deliver science workshops to participants but has changed to meet the needs of schools in a global pandemic. Each term, partner schools are able to choose from a variety of workshops that can be delivered via live-stream, field trip or in-school whenever possible. Every participant has also received two S4 Bumper Workbooks and an S4 Experiment Box, helping them to learn and carry out their own experiments at home. All S4 content is further supported by additional worksheets and video series available on the brand-new S4 Online Portal, freely accessible to all participants whenever they wish.

Recap Workshops

 
What is it about?

In 2020-2021, S4 offered a comprehensive catalogue of recap workshops based on our previous content. This provided schools with a wealth of content that teachers could choose from to support their lessons. Each workshop was tailored to fit into a single school period and could be booked for online delivery through Microsoft Teams. S4 supplied all the materials and equipment necessary to carry out practical experiments.

Along with these workshops, schools have received two bumper workbooks for each participant. Each workbook is packed full of worksheets covering a wide range of STEM topics. The worksheets are also available on S4’s new online portal which includes pre-recorded videos from S4 tutors and collaborators on fascinating phenomena and exciting experiments to try at home.

 

What will participants learn?

Take a look at our Year 1 and Year 2 workshops for some examples of our recap workshops.

Who Are We?

 
What is it about?

In this workshop, pupils learnt about the human body by exploring DNA and Genetic Inheritance in Biology, looking at how we sense the world around us in Physics and in Chemistry, discovering how our bodies are affected by different drug molecules.

 

What did participants learn?

Biology

Pupils discovered what DNA looks like and how to extract it from fruit. They also learnt how some of our traits are controlled by our DNA and examined their own DNA to find out what our genes can tell us about whether we are a morning or an evening person.

Physics

Pupils carried out different experiments and activities exploring an aspect of our senses. During the workshop, they tested their own senses of hearing and vision, explored how we can trick our own minds with optical illusions and discovered how we can create patterns with sound waves.

Chemistry

Pupils explored how drug molecules work in our bodies by building their own models of these molecules which were designed to fit different active sites. They also learnt about some of the ways that drug molecules are created in the industry. To do this, they separated the pigments in spinach through thin-layer chromatography.

 
Learning objectives

Links to Science in the National Curriculum for Wales (KS3)

  • The basic structure and function of some cells, tissues, organs and organ systems and how they support vital life processes.
  • The conservation of energy and ways in which energy can be stored.
  • How familiar devices/machines work by using electricity, light, sound and other energy transfers.
  • Applications of science, medicine and technology that are used to improve health and the quality of life, including those in countries with different levels of economic development.
  • The beneficial and detrimental effects of some drugs on the organs of the human body and other consequences of their use, e.g. insulin, steroids, paracetamol, caffeine.
  • The physical and chemical properties of some elements, compounds and mixtures and how mixtures can be separated by simple techniques.
  • Investigations into the patterns of behaviour of elements and compounds and their use to describe and predict their behaviour in chemical reactions.

The Science of Flight

 
What is it about?

Studying bird flight is a fantastic way to explore many science topics; from the physics of flight, to animal adaptations, to the chemistry of feather colours.

In his module, partner schools were able to book a field trip to the multi-award-winning British Bird of Prey Centre based in the National Botanic Gardens of Wales, dedicated to the care and conservation of the UK’s native Birds of Prey. During the day participants had the opportunity to meet and interact with Golden Eagles, Red Kites, Peregrine Falcons and many more as part of this hands-on learning experience!

 
What will participants learn?

This workshop was all about Birds of Prey!

Pupils learnt about the species found in the UK – how they are adapted for their environment and for the amazing flying that predator birds can do.

Our participants also got up close and personal with the opportunity to fly Hawks, Kestrels and Owls with traditional falconry gloves as we learn about the history of the profession.

 

Learning objectives

Links to Science in the National Curriculum for Wales (KS3)

  • How food is used by the body as fuel during respiration and why the components of a balanced diet are needed for good health.
  • The interdependence of organisms and their representation as food webs, pyramids of numbers and simple energy-flow diagrams.

S4 Science Experiment Boxes

 
What is it about?

Due to COVID-19, many schools have faced closures over 2020-2021. As a result, we are aware that pupils have had limited opportunities to enjoy science practicals – something they often tell us is their favourite part.

S4 has provided every participant with a box that contains everything they need to complete 9 hands-on experiments at home. Participants are free to run any and all experiments that interest them, from a full range of biology, physics and chemistry. Each experiment has been crafted to inspire curiosity and encourages participants to investigate further than the written materials.

Experiments include; Colourful Convection, Build your own Electromagnet, Grow your own Crystals, Edible Juice Pods, Stargazing, Unbeatable Ultraviolet Light, Groovy Lava Lamp, Salt & Ice and Yeast Respiration.

 

Learning objectives

Links to Science in the National Curriculum for Wales (KS3)

  • Chemical change takes place by the rearrangement of atoms in substances.
  • The properties of a material determine its uses.
  • The conservation of energy and ways in which energy can be stored.
  • The properties of solids, liquids and gases and how the particle model can be used to explain these properties.
  • The differences between physical and chemical changes using some common examples.
  • Investigations into the patterns of behaviour of elements and compounds and their use to describe and predict their behaviour in chemical reactions.
  • The behaviour of current in electrical circuits
  • How familiar devices/machines work by using electricity, light, sound and other energy transfers
  • The forces in devices and their relationship to work done and power
  • How renewable and non-renewable energy resources are used to generate electricity and the implications of decisions made about their use
  • The physical and chemical properties of some elements, compounds and mixtures and how mixtures can be separated by simple techniques
  • How human activity affects the local environment, e.g. litter, water pollution, noise pollution.
  • How human activity affects the global environment, e.g. acid rain, greenhouse effect, and the measures taken to minimise any negative effects and monitor them, e.g. by earth observation satellites
  • Technologies under development, which may lead to more efficient use of energy resources or using them in New ways, e.g. hydrogen-powered cars, using cooking oil/gasohol, as replacements for diesel/petrol.
  • The interdependence of organisms and their representation as food webs, pyramids of numbers and simple energy-flow diagrams
  • How food is used by the body as fuel during respiration and why the components of a balanced diet are needed for good health.
  • The environmental factors that affect what grows and lives in those two environments, e.g. sunlight, water availability, temperature

S4 Participant Graduation

 
What is it about?

This event is an opportunity to celebrate our participant’s completion of the S4 outreach programme and for our tutors to showcase some of their favourite science experiments in person. Schools have the option of a field trip to the beautiful National Botanic Gardens in Camarthen or for in school delivery, depending on their needs.

Pupils are split into 4 groups and visit each tutor in a carousel to ensure that they have the opportunity to complete every activity. At the end of the day each participant recieves a certificate of completion as a memento of their time with the project.

 
What will participants learn?

Electroplating

Pupils will come to understand the process of electroplating by plating their own copper keyring with zinc. They will learn how certain solutions can conduct electricity, building their own simple circuit with an electrolyte solution made with white vinegar and epsom salt.

Distorted Vision

Pupils will wear vision-distorting glasses and compete in teams to throw balls into nets. They will compare their ability to perform the task with and without the glasses. Pupils will learn how our eyes detect light and work with our brain to process and interpret an image.

Bug Zoo

This is about the adaptions and lifestyles of invertebrates. Pupils will learn about the habitats, diets, behaviour and biology of the individual inverts we have in our care. Invertebrates often get an unfair reputation, hopefully some time up close getting to know these animals will show the pupils just how fascinating and special they are.

Boats that Float

This workshop will discuss the forces of buoyancy and gravity, and how they work to make objects float or sink. We will cover the importance of density and mass to surface area as well. Pupils will craft their own boats out of their choice of materials and stress test them.

 

Learning objectives

Links to Science in the National Curriculum for Wales (KS3)

  • The physical and chemical properties of some elements, compounds and mixtures and how mixtures can be separated by simple techniques.
  • Investigations into the patterns of behaviour of elements and compounds and their use to describe and predict their behaviour in chemical reactions.
  • The basic structure and function of some cells, tissues, organs and organ systems and how they support vital life processes.
  • The interdependence of organisms and their representation as food webs, pyramids of numbers and simple energy-flow diagrams.
  • How and why food webs are affected by environmental factors, e.g. light intensity, water availability, temperature, and their fluctuations.
  • How familiar devices/machines work by using electricity, light, sound and other energy transfers.
  • The forces in devices and their relationship to work done and power.